Rijeka serves as Croatia's main seaport, and with 128 000 inhabitants it is the country’s third largest city. It was selected as a European Capital of Culture for 2020 with the motto, “Rijeka 2020 Port of Diversity”. Due to its strategic position on the Adriatic Sea, the city was historically contested between Italy, Hungary and Croatia. Minority communities of Serbs, Bosnians and Italians are still present today. 

Since its transition into a market economy, the structure of Rijeka's economy underwent a significant transformation. From an economy largely based on heavy industry, it has become a knowledge-based economy that embraces new technologies. Tourism and related services have also flourished, and are also important contributors of the local economy. 

Rijeka is one of the most advanced cities in Croatia in regard to digitalisation, with its digital transition emphasising openness and communication with its citizens. The city is already moving forward with adopting e-governance, e-services, open data sets, quality visualisation tools and participative budgeting.

Rijeka aims to continue on its path towards building a smarter and more sustainable city, strengthening its knowledge-based society with the help of new technologies.

Rijeka was a challenge city in the DCC. 

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